14 For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. 15 For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!”
Bible Theology term:
Adoption is that privilege, bestowed upon those who are united with Christ, and justified by faith, by which they are admitted into the family of God, adopted as his children, and made joint heirs with his own Son.
Although it has legal connotations, adoption is distinguished from justification.
It is also distinguished from regeneration. While regeneration refers to being spiritually reborn into the family of God, the concept of adoption refers to being included in a family one was not born into. It is essentially relational.
Through adoption, we relate to God the Father as our Father-Savior, to Jesus as our brother and co-heir and fellow sufferer, and to the Spirit as our leader and pledge (or “down payment”) of our inheritance in Christ.
Song of the week:
All those that are justified, God vouchsafes, in and for His only Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the grace of adoption, by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the liberties and privileges of the children of God, have His name put upon them, receive the spirit of adoption, have access to the throne of grace with boldness, are enabled to cry, Abba, Father, are pitied, protected, provided for, and chastened by Him as by a Father: yet never cast off, but sealed to the day of redemption; and inherit the promises, as heirs of everlasting salvation.
Question 35: What is effectual calling?
Answer: Effectual calling is the work of God’s Spirit, to convince us of our sin and misery, to enlighten our minds in the knowledge of Christ, to renew our wills, and thus persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ, freely offered to us in the gospel.
Scripture: 2 Timothy 1:9; John 6:44, 45; 16:8-11; Acts 2:37; 26:18; Ezekiel 36:26; Romans 8:30; 1 Corinthians 1:24; 12:3.
Question 36: What benefits do those who are effectually called receive in this life?
Answer: Those who are effectually called receive in this life justification, adoption, sanctification, and the several benefits which in this life accompany or flow from them.
Scripture: Romans 8:30-32; Galatians 3:26; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 6:11; Ephesians 1:5.
Question 37: What is justification?
Answer: Justification is an act of God’s free grace, by which he pardons all our sins, and accepts us as righteous in his sight, only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone.
Scripture: Romans 3:24; 5:19; Ephesians 1:7; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Philippians 3:9; Galatians 2:16.
Tamar was married to Judah’s first born son, Er and when God put Er to death for his wickedness, Tamar married Judah’s second born son, Onan because of Hebrew custom. But because of his wickedness God put Onan to death. Afraid for his third born, Judah told Tamar to wait until Shelah grew up for her to marry him. After some time, Judah’s wife died and because he had not given Tamar to wed Shelah, Tamar dressed up as a prostitute and had relations with Judah-though he did not know it was his daughter-in-law. She became pregnant with twins by Judah. It was Judah and Tamar’s first born twin son that the line of Christ continued from Jacob and Abraham. You can read more about their story in Genesis chapter 38.
Book of the bible:
2 Kings is a continuation of 1 Kings in that it shows the history of the kings of Israel with the story of Elijah and Ahaziah and ends with the story of Jehoiachin being released from prison and the King of Babylon honoring Jehoiachin for the rest of his life.